Gaea Leinhardt - Presentations
Emeritus Faculty

Distinguishing between additive and multiplicative relationships: Tracing the development of teachers' understanding of proportionality in a practice-based course

Apr 1, 2003
Presented at the AERA Chicago (4/2003)

The Evaluative Dance

Apr 1, 2003
Presented at the AERA Chicago (4/2003)

Learning conversations in museums.

Feb 1, 2002
Paper presented at the annual Winter Text Conference, Jackson Hole, WY. (2/2002)

Learning conversations over time: The development of explanation in museums.

Feb 1, 2002
Paper presented in a symposium entitled “Learning Conversations in Museums” at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Seattle. (2/2002)

Plenary Address on Learning in Museums

Apr 1, 2001
Pennsylvania Statewide Museum Conference—“Museums Reflect”, Pittsburgh, PA. (4/2001)

Future directions for research in geography education.

May 1, 2000
Invited paper, National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Conference, University of California at Santa Barbara. (5/2000)

Ethical reasoning: Personal and simulated

Apr 1, 2000
Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/2000)
McQuaide, J., Leinhardt, G., & Stainton, C.

Finding and building the joinable society

Apr 1, 2000
. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/2000)
Leinhardt, G., & McQuaide, J

Finding indentity from the past: Student teachers at the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute (BCRI)

Apr 1, 2000
Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/2000)

Talking to oneself: Diary studies of museum visits

Apr 1, 2000
. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/2000)

Museum learning

Feb 1, 2000
Talk presented to the Institute for Learning, Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. (2/2000)

Learning from the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute: A case of the power and the weakness of informal learning.

Nov 1, 1999
Invited address presented at the College of Education, University of Washington, Seattle. (11/1999)

One discipline, two literacies: Cases of history learning

Oct 1, 1999
Talk presented at a meeting of the National Academy of Education, Pittsburgh, PA. (10/1999)

Museum Learning Collaborative: Research progress

Sep 1, 1999
Talk presented at the Learning in Museums Seminar of the American Association of Museums, Bozeman, Montana. (9/1999)

Finding and building the joinable society.

Aug 1, 1999
. Talk prepared for the 8th meeting of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI), Göteborg, Sweden. (8/1999)

Netting the Web: Analyzing the Museum Learning Collaborative (MLC) web site

Aug 1, 1999
Talk presented at the annual meeting of the Visitors Study Association, Chicago. (8/1999)

Lessons on learning and teaching in history from Paul’s pen and Paul’s voice

Nov 1, 1998
Paper presented at the Spencer Foundation’s Conference on Teaching, Learning, and Knowing History, Pittsburgh, PA. (11/1998)

Museum Learning Collaborative: A progress report

May 1, 1998
Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Association of Museums, Los Angeles. (5/1998)

Paths to a joinable society: Student understanding

Apr 1, 1998
Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA. (4/1998)

Designing discourse for learning and acheivement

Oct 1, 1997
Invited address at the Institute for Learning, Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. (10/1997)

Museum Learning Collaborative

Jul 1, 1997
Presentation to the directorial, curatorial, and educational communities of the Carnegie Museums, Pittsburgh, PA. (7/1997)

Museum Learning Collaborative

Jun 1, 1997
. Invited address at the Learning in Museums II conference of the American Association of Museums, Philadelphia. (6/1997)

Integrating geographic knowledge and spatial reasoning: The case of collaborative construction

Mar 1, 1997
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago. (3/1997)

Standing to the side: A look from a different angle

Mar 1, 1997
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago. (3/1997)

A song in four parts: What research on learning suggests about teaching.

1997
Invited address presented at the Winter Institute Meeting of the American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC (1/1997)

Diagnosis: Distinguishing, thoroughly mystical knowledge

Sep 1, 1996
Paper presented at a conference on "The Growing Mind," Geneva, Switzerland. (9/1996)

Constructing maps collaboratively

Apr 1, 1996
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York. (4/1996)
Leinhardt, G. & Stainton, C.

Focusing on knowledge systems for teaching

Apr 1, 1996
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York. (4/1996)

Paul's voice, Paul's pen: Learning to reason in history

May 1, 1995
Paper presented at the Tanner Symposium on Memory, Representation, and Culture, Utah State University, Logan, UT. (Also presented as a poster at the Department of Instruction and Learning Second Annual Poster Session, School of Education, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, March, 1995).

Paul's pen.

Feb 1, 1995
Paper presented at the sixth annual Winter Text Conference, Jackson Hole, WY. (2/1995)

A song in four parts: What research on learning suggests about teaching

1995
Invited Address presented at the Winter Institute Meeting of the American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC. (1/1995)

Constructing geography

Apr 1, 1994
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/1994)
Gregg, M., & Leinhardt, G

Paul's voice

Apr 1, 1994
Paper presented at the fifth annual Winter Text Conference, Jackson Hole, WY. (4/1994)

Paul's voice, Paul's pen: Learning to reason in history

Apr 1, 1994
Paper presented at University of California, Berkeley. (4/1994)

Telling the tale: Narrative explanation in history

Apr 1, 1994
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/1994)
Stainton, C., & Leinhardt, G.

Two texts, three readers: Distance and expertise in reading history

Apr 1, 1994
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/1994) A version of this paper (Two texts, three readers: Issues of distance and expertise) was presented at the Winter Text Conference, January, 1993.

Writing history: Student production and integration of text

Apr 1, 1994
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (4/1994)
McCarthy, K., & Leinhardt, G

Instructional explanation: A framework

Sep 1, 1993
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction, Aix-en-Provence, France. (9/1993) A version of this paper (Instructional explanations in history and mathematics) was presented at the annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, June 1993.

Seeing the problem: An explanation from Pólya

Sep 1, 1993
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction, Aix-en-Provence, France. (9/1993)

What is history: Views from historians and teachers

Sep 1, 1993
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction, Aix-en-Provence, France. A version of this paper (A sense of history) appears in the Publications List. (9/1993)

Instructional explanations in history and mathematics

Jun 1, 1993
Paper presented at the fifteenth annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Boulder, Colorado. (6/1993)

Melding knowledge systems in the practice of teaching

Jun 1, 1993
Paper presented at the Binational Workshop on Teachers' Cognition of Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Tel Aviv, Israel. (6/1993)
Leinhardt, G., & Fienberg, J

Equity and authentic teacher assessment: Using dialogues

Apr 1, 1993
Talk presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Atlanta. (4/1993)

Wildflowers, sheep, and democracy: The role of analogy in the teaching of history

Apr 1, 1993
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Atlanta. (4/1993)
McCarthy, K., & Leinhardt, G

Two texts, three readers: Issues of distance and expertise

1993
Paper presented at the fourth annual Winter Text Conference, Jackson Hole, WY. (1/1993)

Learning to reason in history: Mindlessness to mindfulness

Oct 1, 1992
Paper presented at the seminar on "Reasoning and Instruction in History and the Social Sciences," Madrid, Spain. (10/1992)

Beginning and ending the year in history

Apr 1, 1992
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (4/1992)
Stainton, C., & Leinhardt, G.

Geography in history: What is the where?

Apr 1, 1992
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (4/1992)

Standing to the side: A case of instructional dialogues on functions and graphing

Apr 1, 1992
Paper presented at the 70th annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Nashville, TN. (4/1992)

Weaving instructional explanations in history

Aug 1, 1991
Paper presented at the Fourth European Conference for Research on Instruction and Learning, Turku, Finland. (8/1991)

Strategies for geographic memory: Oh what a state we're in!

Apr 1, 1991
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago. (4/1991)
Gregg, M., Stainton, C., & Leinhardt, G

Writing tales with details: How one writing teacher established conditions of concept use

Apr 1, 1991
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago. (4/1991)
Odoroff, E., & Leinhardt, G.

Background paper for the Third International Math and Science Study

Nov 1, 1990
Paper presented at a meeting of the National Center for Educational Statistics, Washington, D.C. (11/1990)

Oblique teaching: The art of explaining through instructional dialogues

Oct 1, 1990
Talk presented to the Psychology Department, Stanford University. (10/1990)

Subject matter episodes in support of a middle school specialization

Oct 1, 1990
Paper presented at a San Francisco State University/California State Department of Education/California State University invitational conference, "Implementing the Middle Level Emphasis Credential," San Francisco. (10/1990)

Analysis of instructional explanations

Apr 1, 1990
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston. (4/1990)

Transforming translations: A case of collaboration

Apr 1, 1990
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston. (4/1990)

Where is geography? Three studies of thinking and teaching

Apr 1, 1990
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston. (4/1990)
Gregg, M., Stainton, C., & Leinhardt, G.

Instructional explanations in mathematics and history

Oct 1, 1989
Talk presented at a meeting of the James S. McDonnell Foundation Program in Cognitive Studies for Educational Practice, Pittsburgh, PA. (10/1989)

The teaching and learning of graphing and functions

Jun 1, 1989
Presented at the Conference on Learning, LRDC, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. (6/1989)
Leinhardt, G., & Stein, M. K.

A preliminary review of graphing and functions

Mar 1, 1989
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (3/1989)
Leinhardt, G., Zaslavsky, O., & Stein, M. K

Caesar to Casey: Mindfulness or mindlessness in history instruction

Mar 1, 1989
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (3/1989)
Leinhardt, G., & Odoroff, E

Thinking in history

Mar 1, 1989
Paper presented at a University of Pittsburgh School of Education Conference, "Teaching thinking: What can the researchers tell us?", Pittsburgh PA. (3/1989)

Tutorials on the structure of tutoring from teachers

Mar 1, 1989
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (3/1989)
Leinhardt, G., & Ohlsson, S.

Instructional explanations

Feb 1, 1989
Paper presented at the Cognition and Education Workshop, Institute for Research on Learning, Palo Alto CA. (2/1989)

Scoring semi-structured interviews in mathematics

Sep 1, 1988
Paper presented as part of a session, "Scoring Assessment Center Exercises: Illustrations," at the Seminar III meeting of the New Interstate Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium, Hartford CT. (9/1988)
Leinhardt, G., & Grover, B.

Capturing craft knowledge

Apr 1, 1988
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1988)

Experiential features of secondary schooling for high risk LD students. Part 2: Social integration

Apr 1, 1988
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1988)
Miller, S., Zigmond, N., & Leinhardt, G

Infusing teacher assessment with the wisdom of practice

Apr 1, 1988
Presented at the Pennsylvania Association of Colleges & Teacher Educators (PAC-TE), Western Regional Meeting, Pittsburgh PA. (4/1988)

Teacher knowledge and its relationship to classroom instruction

Apr 1, 1988
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1988)
Stein, M. K., Baxter, J., & Leinhardt, G.

The essential role of educational research/knowledge base:Establishing a grounding for the reform.

Apr 1, 1988
. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1988)
Prince, C., & Leinhardt, G.

The role of representations in instructional explanations

Apr 1, 1988
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1988)
Baxter, J., Leinhardt, G., & Stein, M. K

What a difference a class makes

Apr 1, 1988
. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1988)
Leinhardt, G., Stein, M. K., & Baxter, J

Integration of lesson structure and teachers' subject matter knowledge

Oct 1, 1987
Paper presented at the University of Chicago, Chicago IL. (10/1987)

Teacher assessment at the state and national level

Oct 1, 1987
Paper presented at the First Northeast Regional Holmes Conference, Boston MA. (10/1987)

Situated knowledge: An example from teaching

Jul 1, 1987
Paper presented at the Conference on Teachers' Professional Learning, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England. (7/1987)

Experiential features of secondary schooling forhigh risk LD students. Part 1: Academic integration.

Apr 1, 1987
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington DC. (4/1987)
Miller, S. E., Leinhardt, G., & Zigmond, N

Expert teachers' knowledge about their students

Apr 1, 1987
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington DC. (4/1987)
Putnam, R. T., Leinhardt, G., & Barnett, C.

Integration of lesson structure and subject matter knowledge

Apr 1, 1987
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington DC. (4/1987)
Leinhardt, G., & Fienberg, J

One day in subtraction

Apr 1, 1987
Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Baltimore MD. (4/1987)
Leinhardt, G., & Fienberg, J.

Situated knowledge

Apr 1, 1987
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington DC. (4/1987)

What does subject matter knowledge buy?

Apr 1, 1987
? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington DC. (4/1987)

Expertise in instructional lessons: An example from fractions

Mar 1, 1987
. Paper presented at a special meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Columbia MO. (3/1987)

Math lessons: A contrast of novice and expert competence

Oct 1, 1986
Invitational address at the International Study Association on Teacher Thinking, Third Conference on Teacher Thinking and Professional Action, Leuven, Belgium. (10/1986)

Novice and expert math lessons

Sep 1, 1986
Presented at a joint LRDC/School of Education Colloquium, University of Pittsburgh. (9/1986)

The teaching of fractions by novice and expert teachers

Sep 1, 1986
. Presented at the Psychology of Mathematics Education Conference, East Lansing MI. (9/1986)

Curriculum scripts and adjustment of content in mathematics lessons

Apr 1, 1986
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (4/1986)
Putnam, R. T., & Leinhardt, G.

Novice and expert teachers' competence in lesson structure and subject matter explanation

Apr 1, 1986
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (4/1986)

Report on math research at LRDC

Apr 1, 1986
Presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Washington DC. (4/1986)

The nature of expert explanations

Apr 1, 1986
Invitational address presented at the University of Delaware, Newark DE. (4/1986)

The skill of learning from classroom lessons

Apr 1, 1986
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (4/1986)
Leinhardt, G., & Putnam, R. T.

Understanding of derived fact strategies in addition and subtraction.

Apr 1, 1986
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco. (4/1986)
Putnam, R. T., deBettencourt, L. U., & Leinhardt, G.

Introduction and integration of classroom routines by expert teachers

Dec 1, 1985
Presented at a symposium on Classroom Studies of Teachers' Personal Knowledge, OISE, Toronto, Canada. (12/1985)

An expert explanation: Analysis of a sequence of subtraction lessons

Nov 1, 1985
Presented at the University of Arizona, Tucson AZ. (11/1985)

Towards a model of the student as learner

Nov 1, 1985
Presented at The Schoolwork Conference, San Francisco CA. (11/1985)

Expert explanations: Analysis of a sequence of subtraction lessons.

Apr 1, 1985
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago IL. (4/1985)

Getting to know: Tracing students' mathematical knowledge from intuition to competence

Apr 1, 1985
. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago IL. (4/1985)

The development of an expert explanation and its effects on student learning

Apr 1, 1985
Presented at the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, San Antonio TX. (4/1985)

Overview of research on teacher and student cognitions

Nov 1, 1984
Presented at a conference entitled Research on Classroom Experience: Linking Pupil and Teacher Cognitions, University of Lancaster, England. (11/1984)

Expertise in mathematics instruction: Subject matter knowledge.

Apr 1, 1984
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1984)
Leinhardt, G., & Smith, D

Introduction and integration of classroomroutines by expert teachers.

Apr 1, 1984
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans LA. (4/1984)

Leinhardt, G., Weidman, C., & Hammond, K. M

Teaching as a cognitive skill

Dec 1, 1983
Presented at the School of Education 50th Anniversary, Syracuse University, Syracuse NY. (12/1983)

Interviews and instrument design

Sep 1, 1983
Presented at International Training Workshops for Educational Policy-Makers, Administrators, and Other Interested Professionals from Developing Countries. Educational Project and Program Evaluation, University of Pittsburgh. (9/1983)

Curriculum alignment: The overlap problem

Apr 1, 1983
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada. (4/1983)
LeMahieu, P., & Leinhardt, G

Overview of a program of research on teachers' and students' routines, thoughts, and execution of plans.

Apr 1, 1983
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada. (4/1983)

Routines in expert math teachers' thoughts and actions

Apr 1, 1983
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada. (4/1983)

Student cognitions during instruction

Apr 1, 1983
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada. (4/1983)

Developing instrumentation

Sep 1, 1982
. Presented at the International Training Workshops for Educational Policy-Makers, Administrators, and Other Interested Professionals from Developing Countries. Educational Project and Program Evaluation, University of Pittsburgh. (9/1982)

Case studies of academic mainstreaming

Mar 1, 1982
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York. (3/1982)

Novice and expert knowledge of individual students' achievement

Mar 1, 1982
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York. (3/1982)

Overlap: Testing whether it's taught

Oct 1, 1981
Presented at the Conference on the Courts and content Validity in Minimum Competency Testing, Boston MA. (10/1981)

Teaching and learning behaviors as achievement mediators

Aug 1, 1981
An invitational presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Los Angeles CA. (8/1981)

Instructional time: A winged chariot?

May 1, 1981
? Presented at the Conference on Instructional Time, Evanston IL. (5/1981)

Measures of instructional models or measures for models of instruction

Apr 1, 1981
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Los Angeles CA. (4/1981)

Sex and race differences in learning disablilties classrooms

Apr 1, 1981
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Los Angeles CA. (4/1981)
Leinhardt, G., Seewald, A.M., & Zigmond, N

The evaluation of social outcomes in education

Dec 1, 1980
Presented at the Pinhas Sapir Conference on Development, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. (12/1980)
Leinhardt, G., & Leinhardt, S

Measuring instructional environments

Nov 1, 1980
Presented at the convocation on Research on Reading of Learning Disabled Pupils, SUNY, Buffalo NY. (11/1980)

A summary of the Student-level Observation of Beginning Reading

Apr 1, 1980
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston MA. (4/1980)
Leinhardt, G., & Seewald, A.M.

Overlap: What's tested, what's taught?

Apr 1, 1980
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston MA. (4/1980)
Leinhardt, G., & Seewald, A.M.

Reading instruction and its effects

Apr 1, 1980
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston MA. (4/1980)
Leinhardt, G., Zigmond, N., & Cooley, W. W.

An evaluative contrast of two courses in applied statistics and data analysis

Aug 1, 1979
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Boston MA.
Leinhardt, G., & Leinhardt, S. (8/1979)

Critical features of reading instruction for learning disabled students

Mar 1, 1979
Presented at the International Conference of the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities, San Francisco CA. (3/1979)

Applying a classroom process model to instructional evaluation

Mar 1, 1978
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Toronto, Canada. (3/1978)

Exploratory data analysis

Mar 1, 1978
Training session presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco, and at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Toronto, Canada. (3/1978)

Learning what's taught: Sex differences in instruction

1977
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York. (1977)
Seewald, A.M., Leinhardt, G., & Engel, M.

How to identify effective teaching

1976
Presented at the Workshop Exploring Qualitative/Quantitative Research Methodologies in Education, sponsored by the Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development in cooperation with the National Institute of Education and the Council on Anthropology and Education, Monterey CA. (1976)
Cooley, W. W., Leinhardt, G., & McGrail, J.

A strategy for program evaluation

1975
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco. (1975)

Evaluation of the educational process in individualized instruction: Third year report

1975
Presented at annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC. (1975)

Evaluation of the implementation of a program of adaptive education at the second grade (1972-1973).

1974
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago IL. (1974)

Observation as a tool for the evaluation of implementation

1973
. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (1973)

Operational accountability

1973
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. (1973)
Colantoni, C., Davis, O. A., Leinhardt, G., & Leinhardt, S

A training program for selected teacher function

1971
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York. (1971)
Gaea Leinhardt

Contact

University of Pittsburgh
836 Learning Research and Development Center
3939 O'Hara Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
412-624-7465
gaea@pitt.edu