M. Najeeb Shafiq (Professor of Education, Economics, and International Affairs) contributed to the 2018 World Development Report (WDR): Learning to Realize Education's Promise. The WDR is the World Bank's flagship report and each WDR provides in-depth analysis of a specific aspect of economic development. Past WDRs have considered such topics as agriculture, public services delivery, the role of the state, labor, infrastructure, health, the environment, and poverty. The 2018 WDR is "the first ever devoted entirely to education." With colleagues at the World Bank, Professor Shafiq prepared background papers that used novel data and econometric methods to examine schooling (early childhood, elementary, secondary, and higher education levels), cognitive skills, socio-emotional skills, equity, and social mobility in low- and middle-income countries.