Gokbel, V., & Seggie, F. N., Green, M. (accepted). Global Entrepreneurship Trends and a Comparative Review of Three University-based Entrepreneurship Ecosystems. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies
Higher education institutions are increasingly interested in establishing university-based entrepreneurship ecosystems (UBEE) on their campuses. This growing tendency is fueled by several global trends and shifts while responses to the demands vary depending on the institutional and regional differences. In this study, we explored the global entrepreneurship trends and shifts that shape UBEE from economic, individual, and institutional perspectives. Using a qualitative multiple case study approach, we also examined three select university cases from three different continents, including Liverpool John Moores University in Britain, University of Houston in USA, and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. This study reveals that there are three global trends that force universities to be more inclusive about entrepreneurship on campus. We also find that there are common strategies that institutions use to build a successful UBEE while strategies and priorities differ depending on the institutional and regional needs and demands.