Tsyrlina-Spady, T., & Lovorn, M. (2015, March). Trending Toward an Ideology of Nationalism: Patriotism, History Teaching, and History Textbooks in Russia. Paper presented at the 59th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES): Washington, DC.
As in many countries around the world over the past century, the Russian education system has been used and abused as a conduit for nation-building curriculum. Over the last five years, however, Russian history/social studies classrooms have become a particularly serious ideological battlefield for social, political, and academic debates over the purposes of history teaching, its content, and methods of instruction. The objective of this study was to explore the extent to which government-endorsed, compulsory patriotism-centered curriculum is being effectuated throughout Russia, particularly through the promotion of a grand narrative-style Concept of a New Instructional-Methodological Set for Teaching History (2013) and secondary school history textbooks. The purpose of the study was to investigate the degree to which a current paradigm shift that promotes a unilateral, patriotic, and hyper-nationalist view of Russian history is impacting history education in Russia, and how particularly how textbooks are being re-conceptualized and rewritten to advance this agenda.